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Brazilian Foreign Trade Overview  2012

In 2012, Brazilian foreign trade registered US$ 465.7 billion in its flow, a decrease by 3.4% over the same period of 2011, when US$ 482.3 billion were traded.

Exports reached US$ 242.6 billion, and imports were US$ 223.1 billion. Considering 2011, exports shrank 5.3% while imports decreased 1.4%. The decrease in export revenues is due to the 4.9% drop in the price index, caused by a decrease in commodities prices, especially iron ore, due to the reduced dynamism of the advanced economies. In volume, Brazilian exports remained virtually the same level of 2011, a decrease of only 0.3%.

In 2012, the trade surplus reached US$ 19.4 billion, a value 34.8% lower than the one registered in 2011, of US$ 29.8 billion.

Compared to January-December 2011, the exports of basic goods decreased 7.4%, semi-manufactured goods, 8.3% and manufactured goods, 1.7%. The sum of industrialized goods represented 51.0% of the total exports in the period.

On the imports side, the acquisitions of raw materials and industrial supplies and materials represented 44.7% of the total, and the imports of capital goods, 21.8%, showing strong correlation with productive investments. Consumer goods represented 17.6% and fuel and oil, 15.8%. In the period under analysis, highlighting the category of capital goods grew by 1.5%, while the remaining categories decreased: fuel and oil (-2.4%), raw materials and industrial supplies and materials (-2.2%) and consumer goods (-1.8%).

Considering the destination markets, sales for the United States registered growth, by 3.5%. It places the country in the second position as buyer of Brazilian products in 2012, surpassed only by China, which decreased by 7.0%.

Via MDIC – Brazil


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